Australian work sector has frequently experienced shortage of professionals and tradespersons in various areas. Hence, the Australian government has always placed a high priority in employment visas, both in the permanent as well as the temporary categories.
Permanent Employment Visas
Currently there are two permanent employment visa subclasses:
Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) (Subclass 186)
Regional Sponsored Migration Scheme (RSMS) (Subclass 187)
The ENS and RSMS visas allow Australian employers to nominate highly skilled workers for permanent entry to Australia to fill vacancies where no suitable local candidate could be found.
People applying for ENS visas must have their occupations listed on an ENS skilled occupations list.
ENS and RSMS visas are each split into three streams:
Direct Entry Stream – For persons either in Australia or overseas, who are seeking permanent residence through a nomination by an Australian employer.
Temporary Residence Transition Stream – For persons who had already been sponsored for employment by an Australian employer on subclass 457 temporary visas and now wish to change it to permanent residence through a nomination by the same employer.
Labour Agreement Stream – For persons either in Australia or overseas who are seeking permanent residence through a nomination by an Australian employer under a Labour Agreement.
Temporary Work Visas
Temporary Skill Shortage visa (subclass 482) – This visa, referred to as the TSS visa, enables employers to address labour shortages by bringing in genuinely skilled workers where they cannot source an appropriately skilled Australian. TSS visa holders can work in Australia in their nominated occupation for their approved sponsor under one of three streams:
- the Short-Term stream
- the Medium-Term stream
- the Labour Agreement stream.
Temporary Work (Short Stay Activity) Visa (Subclass 400) – This visa lets you enter Australia and remain in Australia for up to three months to do short-term, highly specialised non-ongoing work; participate in an event at the invitation of an Australian organisation and in limited circumstances, participate in an activity or work relating to Australia’s interests.
Temporary Work (International Relations) Visa (Subclass 403) – This temporary work visa allows you to come to Australia on a temporary basis to undertake certain long term activities under certain international relations arrangements, including Government Agreement stream, Foreign Government Agency stream, Privileges & Immunities stream and Domestic Worker (Diplomatic or Consular) stream.
Training Visa (Subclass 407) – This visa allows you to:
- take part in workplace-based training to enhance your skills in your current occupation, area of tertiary study, field of expertise
- participate in a professional development training program in Australia.
*Note: This visa is not appropriate for persons whose sole intention is to work.
Temporary Activity Visa (Subclass 408) –This visa allows you to come to Australia on a temporary basis to:
- work in the entertainment industry
- participate in activities at the invitation of an Australian organisation
- participate or observe in an Australian research project
- work in a skilled position under a staff exchange arrangement
- participate in high-level sports competitions or sports training programs
- participate in a special programme approved by the department that provides opportunities for youth exchange, cultural enrichment or community benefits
- do full-time religious work
- be employed as a superyacht crew member
- do full-time domestic work in the household of certain senior foreign executives
- participate in a government endorsed event.
Working Holiday Visa (Subclass 417) – This visa is for young persons from ‘working holiday eligible passport countries’ seeking to come to Australia for temporary stay up to a year. Applicants must be aged between 18 and 30. This visa can be renewed if some certain requirements are fulfilled.
Work and Holiday Visa (Subclass 462) – This visa is for young professional people from certain gazetted countries with which Australia has signed special bilateral agreements to be in Australia for a working holiday. Applicants must be aged between 18 and 30 and hold prescribed academic qualifications and meet other prescribed criteria.